Integrative Levels Classification project scheme how it works León Manifesto references

ILC developing version
Expanded class v

    broader class

          vWy  cultural heritage; objectivated spirit
          v  speeches; linguistic expressions  [linguistics]  ↞ osu p consciousness mU human organisms   ≈ DDC 400 410  
          v0       as related to
          v039m                        [mathematical linguistics]
          v039v                        [comparative linguistics]
          v07yy                      philosophy of language
          v09            studied by theory  [general linguistics]
          v0p            mind  [psycholinguistics]
          v0s            society  [sociolinguistics]
          v0st                 nation  [ethnolinguistics; anthropological linguistics]
          v0v            economy  [economical linguistics]
          v18   [w1]           in time  [historical linguistics; comparative linguistics]
          v183   [w1]                originated in epoch
          v1834   [w1]                     extinct in; dead in epoch
          v27   [tU]           in region
          v31   [v]           deriving from original linguistic element  [etymology; philology]
          v36   [U]           to addressee
          v360                  linguistic function; language level  [pragmatics]
          v360r   ⋄                     liturgical
          v360s   ⋄                     familiar; common; spoken; vernacular
          v360t   ⋄                     institutional
          v360v   ⋄                     technical
          v360x   ⋄                     literary
          v360y   ⋄                     scientific
          v4        error; mistake  [error analysis]
          v45e                 interlingual errors
          v45r                 intralingual errors
          v4g            overgeneralizations
          v4gd                 developmental errors
          v4gdi                      induced errors
          v4gdɭ                      errors of avoidance
          v4gdo                      errors of overproduction
          v4s            simplifications
          v4so                 omissions
          v4st                 additions
          v5        speech act
          v519                  language change; evolution
          v519c                      conservatism
          v519r                      reformation
          v519v                      revival
          v5c            locutionary
          v5i            illocutionary  
          v5ie                 representative; assertive
          v5ii                 directive
          v5im                 commissive
          v5ip                 expressive
          v5ir                 declarative
          v5iy                 indirect
          v5p            perlocutionary
          v5t            metalocutionary
          v6        formalization
          v6aWt            natural
          v6b            jargon
          v6d            dialect; local variant  [dialectology]
          v6n            standard; national
          v6p            pidgin
          v6r            creole
          v6t            international
          v6u            constructed; planned; artificial
          v6x            formal
          v6xp                 programming; script  ↞ ru3uas 
          v6xr                 knowledge representation; markup
          v7        factor; language function  
          v77   [v]           with element
          v7e            sender; emotive function; expression
          v7f            context; referential function; representation; factual information; description; semantic
          v7g            message; poetic function
          v7j            receiver; addressee; conative function; appeal; contact
          v7n            channel; phatic function
          v7x            code; metalingual function; reflexive function
          v90            about object  [semantics]
          v9080                       linguistic diversity
          v90j                 toponyms  [toponomastics]
          v90pY                      proper names  [onomastics]
          v90vh   ⋄                     agricultural terminology
          v92   [tU]           of; originated in; diffused from region
          v93   [s7]           spoken by speaker class
          v95   [s5]           in social context  [pragmatics]
          v99             sense
          v99g                 argot sense
          v99j                 jargon sense; technical sense
          v99m                 metaphorical sense
          v99r                 rhetorical sense; so to speak
          ve       phones; segments  [phonetics]
          veX            manners of articulation  
          veXX                 points of articulation  
          vebbm   ⋄                     [b]
          vf       phonemes  [phonology]
          vfX            manners of articulation
          vfXX                 points of articulation
          vfXXX                      phonation
          vfXXXX                           airstream
          vfXXXc                           click; lingual ingressive; velaric ingressive
          vfXXXi                           implosive; glottalic ingressive
          vfXXXk                           ejective; glottalic egressive
          vfXXXp                           pulmonic
          vfXXc                      voiceless
          vfXXe                      breathy voice; murmur; whispery voice; soughing; susurration
          vfXXg                      slack voice; lax voice
          vfXXh                      half voiced; partially voiced
          vfXXm                      voiced; modal voice
          vfXXs                      stiff voice
          vfXXv                      creaky voice
          vfXXy                      glottal closure
          vfXbWd                 labial
          vfXb                 bilabial
          vfXc                 labiodental
          vfXd                 dentolabial
          vfXgWɭ                 coronal
          vfXg                 linguolabial
          vfXi                 interdental
          vfXj                 dental
          vfXɭ                 alveolar
          vfXmWo                 postalveolar
          vfXm                 palato-alveolar
          vfXn                 alveo-palatal
          vfXo                 retroflex
          vfXp                 prepalatal
          vfXq                 labio-palatal; rounded front
          vfXr                 palatal; front
          vfXs                 labioprevelar; rounded central
          vfXt                 prevelar; central
          vfXu                 labiovelar; rounded back
          vfXv                 velar; back
          vfXw                 uvular
          vfXxWy                 laringeal; guttural
          vfXx                 pharingeal; epiglottal
          vfXy                 glottal
          vfas                 aspirated; aspiration
          vfbWe            occlusives
          vfbWj            consonants
          vfb            stops; plosives
          vfbbc                      /p/
          vfbbm                      /b/
          vfbɭc                      /t/
          vfbɭm                      /d/
          vfboc                      /ʈ/
          vfbom                      /ɖ/
          vfbrc                      /c/
          vfbrm                      /ɟ/
          vfbvc                      /k/
          vfbvm                      /g/
          vfbwc                      /q/
          vfc            nasals
          vfcb                 /m/
          vfcɭ                 /n/
          vfe            affricates
          vfebc                      /pf/
          vfeɭs                      /tʃ/
          vfeɭv                      /dʒ/
          vffWy            continuants
          vff            fricatives; spirants
          vffaɭ                      lateral fricatives
          vffas                      sibilants
          vffcc                      /f/
          vffcm                      /v/
          vffɭc                      /s/
          vffɭm                      /z/
          vfhWi            rhotics
          vfhWɭ            liquids
          vfh            flaps; taps
          vfi            trills
          vfiɭ                 /r/
          vfɭWo            approximants
          vfɭWy            vocoids
          vfɭ            laterals
          vfɭɭ                 /l/
          vfo            semivowels; glides
          vfoɭ                 /j/
          vfov                 /w/
          vfs            half-closed vowels
          vfs@v                      /ø/
          vfsr                 /e/
          vfsu                 /o/
          vfu            medium vowels
          vfut                 /ɘ/
          vfvWy            vowels
          vfv            closed vowels
          vfvq                 /y/
          vfvr                 /i/
          vfvu                 /u/
          vfvv                 /ɯ/
          vfw            half-open vowels
          vfw@v                      /œ/
          vfwr                 /ɛ/
          vfwt                 /ʌ/
          vfwu                 /ɔ/
          vfy            open vowels
          vfyr                 /a/
          vfyt                 /ɑ/
          vg       combined sounds; sequences
          vgd            diphthongs
          vgh            hiatuses
          vh       syllables
          vh7C                 with suprasegmental
          vh7CiWu                      suprasegmentals; prosodic features
          vh7Ci                      stress; intensity; accent
          vh7Cib                           unstressed
          vh7Cie                           secondarily stressed
          vh7Cin                           stressed
          vh7Cis                           strongly stressed
          vh7Cp                      tones; pitches
          vh7Cpc                           falling tone
          vh7Cpn                           neutral tone
          vh7Cpp                           dipping tone
          vh7Cpr                           rising tone
          vh7Cpw                           high tone
          vh7Cu                      lengths; quantities; chronemes  ↞ an89 quantifiers
          vh7Cuf                           extra-short
          vh7Cui                           short
          vh7Cum                           long
          vh7Cux                           extra-long; geminated
          vm       morphs  [morphology]
          vma            morphological kinds  [morphological typology]
          vmab                 isolating
          vmae                 templatic; nonconcatenative; discontinuous; introflection
          vmagWy                 synthetic
          vmag                 agglutinative
          vman                 fusional; inflecting
          vmap                 polysynthetic
          vmb            stems  [lexicography; terminology]
          vmb{dog}   ⋄                          dog-
          vmf            affixes
          vmfe                 prefixes
          vmfi                 infixes
          vmfs                 suffixes; grammatical endings
          vmfu                 circumfixes
          vms            compounds
          vmv            aspects
          vo       words; lexical categories; word classes; lexical classes; parts of speech  [grammar (partim)]
          vo360y                           scientific terms
          voac                 accusative
          voae                 ergative
          voaf                 split ergative
          voai                 philippine
          voak                 active-stative
          voan                 tripartite
          voas                 syntactic pivot
          voat                 theta role
          voav                 inverse marking
          vog            morphosyntactic alignments
          voi            interjections
          von            nouns
          vonc                 common nouns
          vonp                 proper nouns; names
          vop            pronouns
          vope                 personal pronouns
          vopf                 reflexive and reciprocal pronouns
          voph                 possessive pronouns
          vopm                 demonstrative pronouns
          vopn                 indefinite pronouns
          vopr                 relative pronouns
          vopw                 interrogative pronouns
          vor            adjectives and adverbs
          vot            determiners; determinatives
          vot@v                      quantifiers
          votc                 articles
          votd                 demonstratives
          voth                 possessive determiners; possessive adjectives
          votn                 numerals
          vott                 distributive determiners
          votw                 interrogative determiners
          vov            verbs
          vove                 intransitive verbs
          vovh                 transitive verbs
          vovj                 ditransitive verbs
          vovo                 double transitive verbs
          vovu                 copular verbs
          vow            adpositions; prepositions and postpositions
          vox            conjunctions
          vo{acvua}   ⋄                               the word acqua
          vp       phrases; syntagmas; syntagmatic structures; units  [syntax; grammar]
          vpacWg                 VO; verb-object
          vpac                 SVO; subject-verb-object
          vpae                 VSO; verb-subject-object
          vpag                 VOS; verb-object-subject
          vpakWv                 OV; object-verb
          vpak                 SOV; subject-object-verb
          vpam                 OSV; object-subject-verb
          vpao                 OVS; object-verb-subject
          vpat                 time-manner-place
          vpav                 place-manner-time
          vpb            word orders
          vpc            copulas
          vpd            predicates
          vpg            subjects
          vpj            direct objects
          vpn            indirect objects
          vpp            prepositional objects
          vq       clauses
          vqm            main clauses; matrix clauses; independent clauses
          vqs            subordinate clauses; embedded clauses; dependent clauses
          vs       sentences
          vsb            simple sentences
          vsd            compound sentences
          vsɭ            complex sentences
          vsn            compound-complex sentences; complex-compound sentences
          vt       texts; discourses  [text linguistics; discourse analysis]
          vtar                 styles; rhetorical strategies
          vtarg                      logical style; logos
          vtaro                      authoritative style; ethos  
          vtart                      emotional style; pathos
          vtb            narrative texts; stories
          vtd            descriptive texts
          vtg            argumentative texts
          vti            instructive texts
          vtm            comparison texts; contrast; expositive texts
          vv       languages  ≈ DDC 490
          vvU            currently prominent languages
          vvUc   [vvkccc]                Standard Mandarin
          vvUe   [vvemi]                English
          vvUf   [vveir]                French
          vvUg   [vvemb]                German
          vvUh   [vvecnh]                Standard Hindi
          vvUi   [vveit]                Italian
          vvUj   [vvjj]                Japanese
          vvUɭ   [vveib]                Latin
          vvUr   [vveser]                Russian
          vvUs   [vveii]                Spanish; Castilian
          vvUt   [vveik]                Portuguese
          vvX             language families
          vvbWw            natural languages; ordinary languages
          vvb            Afro-Asiatic languages; Hamito-Semitic languages  ≈ DDC 492 493  
          vvbb                 Berber languages
          vvbc                 Chadic languages
          vvbe                 Egyptian languages
          vvbs                 Semitic languages
          vvbse                      East semitic languages
          vvbsek                           Akkadian; Babylonian; Assyrian
          vvbso                      West Semitic languages
          vvbsoc                           Canaanite languages
          vvbsoch                                Hebrew language
          vvbsom                           Aramaic languages
          vvbsoms                                Syriac language
          vvbsor                           Arabic languages
          vvbss                      South Semitic languages
          vvbsse                           Ethiopic languages
          vvbssem                                Amharic-Argobba
          vvbt                 Cushitic languages
          vvbu                 Omotic languages  
          vvbv                 Beja language  
          vvc            Nilo-Saharan languages  ≈ DDC 496
          vvd            Niger-Congo languages; Niger-Kordofanian languages  ≈ DDC 496
          vvde                 Senegambian languages
          vvdef                      Fula language; Fulani; Fulah; Fufulde
          vvdeo                      Wolof language
          vvdn                 Bantu languages
          vvdnb                      Sawabantu languages
          vvdnbd                           Duala language
          vvdnbdm                                Mungo dialect
          vvdnh                      Northeast Bantu languages
          vvdnhs                           Swahili language
          vvdnx                      Shona languages
          vvdny                      Southern Bantu languages
          vvdnyn                           Nguni languages
          vvdnynh                                Xhosa language
          vvdnynɭ                                Zulu language
          vvdzg            Aegean languages; Tyrrhenian languages including Etruscan, Lemnian and Helvetian  
          vvdzk            Khoe languages  ≈ DDC 496  
          vvdzt            Tuu languages  ≈ DDC 496  
          vvdzx            Basque language; Euskera; Euskara
          vve            Indo-european languages  ↞ jUe Cuba
          vvebWf                 Indo-Iranian languages
          vveb                 Anatolian languages  
          vvec                 Indo-Aryan languages
          vvecd                      Old Indo-Aryan; Sanskrit
          vvecg                      Dardic languages
          vvecgk                           Kashmiri language
          vveci                      Pahari; Northern Indo-Aryan languages
          vvecin                           Nepali language
          vveck                      Northwestern Indo-Aryan languages
          vveckp                           Punjabi languages
          vvecks                           Sindhi languages
          vvecm                      Western Indo-Aryan languages
          vvecmc                           Rajastani languages
          vvecmg                           Gujarati languages
          vvecmi                           Bhil languages
          vvecmr                           Romani languages
          vvecn                      Hindi languages; Madhya; Central Indo-Aryan languages
          vvecnh                           Hindustani language including standard Hindi, standard Urdu
          vvecp                      Magadan languages; Eastern Indo-Aryan languages
          vvecps                           Bengali-Assamese languages
          vvecs                      Southern Indo-Aryan languages
          vvecsm                           Marathi-Konkani languages
          vvecss                           Sinhalese language
          vved                 Iranian languages
          vvedb                      Proto-Iranian
          vvedd                      Old Iranian
          vvedde                           Avestan language; Zend
          vveddp                           Old Persian
          vvedm                      Middle Iranian languages
          vvedmc                           Parthian language; Arsacid Pahlavi
          vvedmi                           Middle Persian language; Pahlavi
          vvedmk                           Bactrian language
          vvedms                           Old Ossetic language; Scytho-Sarmatian
          vvef                 Nuristani languages
          vveg                 Greek language  ≈ DDC 480
          vvegh                      Ancient Greek
          vvego                      modern Greek
          vvei                 Romance languages; Italic languages
          vveib                      Latin language  ≈ DDC 470
          vveibd                           Old Latin
          vveibi                           Classical Latin
          vveibɭ                           Vulgar Latin
          vveibm                           Medieval Latin
          vveibr                           Renaissance Latin
          vveibt                           Modern Latin; New Latin
          vveic                      Corsican dialects
          vveid                      Sardinian language
          vveidc                           Sassarese dialects
          vveidg                           Gallurese dialects
          vveidɭ                           Logudorese dialects
          vveidp                           Campidanese dialects
          vveie                      Pyrenean languages
          vveien                           Navarro-Aragonese language
          vveier                           Aragonese language
          vveif                      Mozarabic dialects
          vveih                      Asturo-Leonese dialects
          vveii                      Castilian language; Spanish language  ≈ DDC 460
          vveik                      Portuguese language  ≈ DDC 469
          vveikr                           Brazilian Portuguese
          vveiɭ                      Galician language  ≈ DDC 460
          vvein                      Catalan language  ≈ DDC 449
          vveio                      Occitan language  ≈ DDC 449
          vveioe                           Auvergnat dialects
          vveiog                           Gascon dialects
          vveioi                           Limousin dialects
          vveioɭ                           Languedocien dialects
          vveiop                           Provençal dialects
          vveios                           Shuadit dialects
          vveir                      French language; Langue d'oïl  ≈ DDC 440
          vveirc                           Cajun French
          vveirf                           Franco-Provençal dialects
          vveiri                           Ancient French; Ancien Français
          vveirm                           Middle French; Moyen Français
          vveirp                           Picard dialects
          vveirs                           Zarphatic dialects
          vveis                      Gallo-Italian dialects
          vveise                           Piemontese dialects
          vveisɭ                           Lombard dialects
          vveisn                           Venetian dialects
          vveisr                           Emiliano-Romagnolo dialects
          vveisu                           Ligurian dialects
          vveit                      Italian language  ≈ DDC 450
          vveiti                           Istriot dialect
          vveitn                           Napoletano-Calabrese dialects
          vveits                           Sicilian dialects
          vveitt                           Dalmatian dialects
          vveitu                           Judeo-Italian dialects
          vveiu                      Rhaetian languages
          vveiuf                           Friulian language; Furlan language
          vveiuɭ                           Ladin language
          vveiur                           Romansh language
          vveiv                      Romanian language  ≈ DDC 459
          vveiw                      Macedo Romanian language; Aromanian language
          vveix                      Megleno Romanian language; Moglenitic; Meglenitic language
          vveiy                      Istro Romanian language
          vveɭ                 Celtic languages  ≈ DDC 491
          vveɭc                      Proto-Celtic language; Common Celtic
          vveɭe                      Lepontic language
          vveɭi                      Celtiberian language; Northeastern Hispano-Celtic; Eastern Hispano-Celtic
          vveɭk                      Northwestern Hispano-Celtic language; Western Hispano-Celtic
          vveɭɭ                      Gaulish languages
          vveɭɭg                           Galatian language
          vveɭr                      Brittonic languages; Brythonic; British Celtic
          vveɭrc                           Cumbric language
          vveɭre                           Welsh language; Cymraeg; y Gymraeg
          vveɭro                           Cornish language
          vveɭrr                           Breton language; brezhoneg
          vveɭu                      Goidelic languages
          vveɭus                           Scottish Gaelic language
          vvem                 Germanic languages
          vvemd                      Dutch language  ≈ DDC 439
          vveme                      Low Saxon dialects
          vvemf                      Frisian dialects
          vvemi                      English language  ≈ DDC 420
          vvemie                           English English
          vvemif                           Welsh English
          vvemih                           Scottish English
          vvemiɭ                           Irish English
          vvemin                           Northern Irish English
          vvemir                           American English
          vvemis                           Australian English
          vvemj                      Scots language
          vvemk                      German language  ≈ DDC 430
          vvemɭ                      Icelandic language
          vvemo                      Faroese language
          vvemr                      Norwegian language  ≈ DDC 439
          vvemv                      Danish language  ≈ DDC 439
          vvemw                      Swedish language  ≈ DDC 439
          vveo                 Armenian language
          vverWs                 Balto-Slavic languages
          vver                 Baltic languages
          vverj                      Latvian language
          vverɭ                      Lithuanian language
          vves                 Slavic languages
          vvese                      East Slavic languages
          vveseb                           Belarusian language; Belarusan; Belarussian; Belorussian
          vvesek                           Ukrainian language
          vveser                           Russian language
          vveses                           Rusyn language
          vveso                      West Slavic languages
          vvesob                           Sorbian languages
          vvesoɭ                           Lechitic languages
          vvesoɭɭ                                Polish language
          vvesoɭp                                Pomeranian language
          vvesoɭs                                Silesian language
          vvesoɭx                                Polabian language
          vvesov                           Czech-Slovak languages
          vvesovc                                Czech language
          vvesovk                                Knaanic; Judeo Slavic
          vvesovs                                Slovak language
          vvess                      South Slavic languages
          vvesse                           Eastern Southern Slavic languages
          vvessem                                Macedonian language
          vvesseu                                Bulgarian language
          vvessev                                Old Church Slavonic
          vvesso                           Western South Slavic languages
          vvessob                                Serbian language
          vvessoɭ                                Slovenian language
          vvessor                                Croatian language
          vvessos                                Bosnian language
          vveu                 Albanian language
          vvev                 Tocharian languages
          vvf            Uralic languages  ≈ DDC 494
          vvfc                 Samoyedic languages
          vvff                 Finno-Ugric languages
          vvffh                      Ugric; Ugrian languages including Hungarian
          vvffi                      Finno-Permic; Baltic-Finnic languages including Sami, Estonian, Finnish
          vvffie                           Permic language
          vvffim                           Sami languages
          vvffit                           Baltic-Finnic languages
          vvffitf                                Finnish language
          vvffitk                                Karelian language
          vvffitt                                Estonian language
          vvffitv                                Livonian language
          vvg            Turkic languages  ≈ DDC 494
          vvgg                 Oghuz languages; Southwestern Common Turkic
          vvggi                      Turkish language
          vvggr                      Azerbaijani language; Azeri
          vvggu                      Turkmen language
          vvgk                 Kipchak languages; Northwestern Common Turkic
          vvgkk                      Kazakh language
          vvgkr                      Kyrgyz language
          vvgr                 Karluk languages; Southeastern Common Turkic
          vvgrb                      Uzbek language
          vvgs                 Siberian languages; Northeastern Common Turkic
          vvgzg            Tungusic languages
          vvgzi            Mongolic languages
          vvgzk            Northwest Caucasian languages; West Caucasian; Abkhazo-Adyghean; Circassic; Pontic
          vvgzm            Northeast Caucasian languages; North Caspian
          vvgzo            Hurro-Urartian languages  
          vvgzs            Yeniseian languages
          vvgzu            Chukotko-Kamchatkan languages
          vvgzv            Kartvelian languages; South Caucasian languages
          vvgzvg                 Georgian languages
          vvgzvn                 Zan languages
          vvgzvs                 Svan language
          vvgzy            Yukaghir languages
          vvh            Korean language  ≈ DDC 495
          vvi            Dravidian languages  ≈ DDC 494
          vvid                 South Dravidian languages
          vvidc                      Tamil language
          vvide                      Malayalam language
          vvidk                      Kannada language
          vvig                 South-Central Dravidian languages
          vvigt                      Telugu language
          vvik                 Central-Dravidian languages
          vvin                 North Dravidian languages
          vvizd            Andamanese languages
          vvj            Japonic languages; Japanese-Ryukyuan languages  ≈ DDC 495
          vvjj                 Japanese language; Nihongo
          vvjzb            Buyeo languages; Puyo; Fuyu languages  
          vvk            Sino-Tibetan languages  ≈ DDC 495
          vvkc                 Chinese languages; Sinitic
          vvkcc                      Mandarin Chinese language
          vvkccc                           Standard Chinese language; Modern Standard Mandarin
          vvkcf                      Wu languages
          vvkck                      Cantonese languages
          vvkcm                      Min languages
          vvkcmt                           Taiwanese language
          vvkcu                      Gan languages
          vvkcx                      Xiang languages
          vvkcy                      Hakka languages
          vvkt                 Tibeto-Burman languages
          vvkzm            Hmong-Mien languages
          vvɭ            Tai-Kadai languages; Kra–Dai; Daic; Kadai
          vvɭb                 Ong-Be languages
          vvɭf                 Kra languages
          vvɭk                 Kam-Sui languages
          vvɭo                 Hlai languages
          vvɭt                 Tai languages; Zhuang–Tai
          vvɭti                      Siamese language
          vvɭtɭ                      Lao language
          vvm            Austroasiatic languages; Mon–Khmer
          vvmd                 Munda languages
          vvmi                 Vietic languages
          vvmiv                      Vietnamese language
          vvmr                 Khmer language; Cambodian
          vvn            Austronesian languages
          vvp            Papuan languages  
          vvs            Australian aboriginal languages  ≈ DDC 499
          vvv            Native American languages; Amerindian languages; indigenous languages of the Americas  ≈ DDC 497 498  
          vvx            sign languages  ↞ wc gestures
          vvy            modern planned languages; constructed; artificial languages; conlangs  ≈ DDC 499
          vvyeWg                 engineered languages; engelangs
          vvye                 philosophical languages; early-modern a-priori universal languages
          vvyej                      Dalgarno's Ars signorum
          vvyek                      Wilkins's Characteristica universalis
          vvyeɭ                      Leibniz's Lingua generalis
          vvyg                 logical languages
          vvygg                      Loglan
          vvygj                      Lojban
          vvyi                 auxiliary languages; auxlangs; IALs  ↞ vaxu 
          vvyid                      Volapük
          vvyie                      Esperanto
          vvyif                      Ido
          vvyii                      Interlingua
          vvyt                 art languages; fantasy languages
          vvytk                      Klingon
          vvytv                      Quenya
          vw       language transmission systems
          vw91   [w1]                  [palaeography; epigraphy]
          vwb            speaking; speech s.s.; spoken language; orality
          vwg            logographies; hieroglyphs
          vwgh                 Chinese characters; Han characters; sinographs; hanzi; kanji; hanja; hán tự
          vwi            syllabaries; syllabic writings
          vwik                 Kana
          vwj            abjads
          vwjc                 Proto-Canaanite alphabet
          vwje                 Phoenician alphabet
          vwjg                 Aramaic
          vwjh                 Hebrew alphabet
          vwjr                 Arabic alphabet
          vwjs                 Syriac alphabet
          vwk            abugidas; alphasyllabaries
          vwkd                 Devanagari
          vwkt                 Ethiopic
          vwɭ            alphabets
          vwɭg                 Greek alphabet  ↞ vveg Greek language
          vwɭg7E{β}   ⋄                                    letter β
          vwɭɭ                 Latin alphabet  ↞ vvei Romance languages
          vwɭɭ7EX                                Latin letters
          vwɭɭ7EXc                                     uppercase Latin letters  ↞ vwlac 
          vwɭɭ7EXs                                     lowercase Latin letters  ↞ vwlas 
          vwɭɭ7Eb                                a; letter a
          vwɭɭ7Ebc   ⋄                                    uppercase a; A
          vwɭɭ7Ebs   ⋄                                    lowercase a; a
          vwɭɭ7Ebzb                                bee; letter b
          vwɭɭ7Ec                                cee
          vwɭɭ7Ed                                dee
          vwɭɭ7Ee                                e
          vwɭɭ7Ef                                ef
          vwɭɭ7Eg                                gee
          vwɭɭ7Eh                                aitch; haitch
          vwɭɭ7Ei                                i
          vwɭɭ7Ej                                jay; jy
          vwɭɭ7Ek                                kay
          vwɭɭ7Eɭ                                el; ell
          vwɭɭ7Em                                em
          vwɭɭ7En                                en
          vwɭɭ7Eo                                o
          vwɭɭ7Ep                                pee
          vwɭɭ7Er                                ar; or
          vwɭɭ7Es                                ess
          vwɭɭ7Et                                tee
          vwɭɭ7Eu                                u
          vwɭɭ7Ev                                vee
          vwɭɭ7Ew                                double-u
          vwɭɭ7Ex                                ex
          vwɭɭ7Ey                                wy
          vwɭɭ7Eyzd                                zed; zee
          vwɭɭ7_Ev                                     cue
          vwɭɭi                      Icelandic alphabet
          vwɭr                 Cyrillic alphabet  ↞ vves Slavic languages
          vwɭrr                      Russian alphabet
          vwɭu                 Hangul
          vwɭv                 Glagolitic alphabet
          vwɭw                 Morse code
          vwɭx                 fingerspelling; dactylology; manual alphabet
          vwɭxd                      deaf-dumb alphabet  ↞ mqad97o 
          vwɭy                 Braille alphabet
          vwu            numerals
          vwum                 Roman numerals
          vwum7Eb                                I
          vwum7Ec                                V
          vwum7Ed                                X
          vwum7Ee                                L
          vwum7Ef                                C
          vwum7Eg                                D
          vwum7Eh                                M
          vwur                 Hindo-Arabic numerals
          vwur7Eo                                zero; numeral 0
          vwur7Ep                                one; numeral 1
          vwur7Er                                three; numeral 3
          vwur7Es                                four; numeral 4
          vwur7Et                                five; numeral 5
          vwur7Eu                                six; numeral 6
          vwur7Ev                                two; numeral 2
          vwur7Ev_                                     seven; numeral 7
          vwur7Ew                                eight; numeral 8
          vwur7Ex                                nine; numeral 9
          vwx            punctuation marks
          vwxi                 positurae
          vwxi7Ec                                punctus
          vwxp                 printing-press punctuation
          vwxp7Ec                                colon
          vwxp7Ee                                semicolon
          vwxp7Ef                                full stop; period
          vwxp7Eh                                parentheses
          vwxp7Em                                comma
          vwxr                 computer punctuation
          vwxr7Eb                                at sign; @
          vwxr7Eh                                hash; #
          xm@vai                           intonation  ↞ vhap 
 
Connected classes:
 
                 005  [vv]           in language
                 0053  [vv]                translated from original language
                 0055  [vv]                paraphrased from original language
                 0056  [vtar]                 style; rhetorical strategy
                 05  [v5]      conveying communicative function; act
                 q3f           lithic technology; Stone Age  ↞ ii vdb 
                 qs      buildings; edifices  [civil engineering; architecture]  ↞ osc vs 
                 rb9i                dairy products; milk products; lacticinia  [dairy science]  ↞ mqvt vk 
                 rb9m                meat and fish  ↞ mqv vbh vk 
                 rb9mf                     seafood; fish and shellfish s.l.  ↞ mqm mqrh mqveWi vc 
                 rns           fisheries  ↞ js jy nyd vc 
                 rqg           ceramics and glass crafts  ↞ iis vahc 
                 s communities; civil society; complex society; institutions; groups; people  [sociology]  ↞ v oss 
                 s6pw                conversational rules  [proxemics]  ↞ v 
                 s95  [vv]            ethnicity; language  ↞ st 
                 t95  [vv]           speaking official language
                 u7id                land; arable land; land control  ↞ j vj 
                 v31  [v]           deriving from original linguistic element  [etymology; philology]
                 v77  [v]           with element
                 vvUc  [vvkccc]                Standard Mandarin
                 vvUe  [vvemi]                English
                 vvUf  [vveir]                French
                 vvUg  [vvemb]                German
                 vvUh  [vvecnh]                Standard Hindi
                 vvUi  [vveit]                Italian
                 vvUj  [vvjj]                Japanese
                 vvUɭ  [vveib]                Latin
                 vvUr  [vveser]                Russian
                 vvUs  [vveii]                Spanish; Castilian
                 vvUt  [vveik]                Portuguese
                 vvyi                auxiliary languages; auxlangs; IALs  ↞ vaxu 
                 vwɭg                Greek alphabet  ↞ vveg 
                 vwɭɭ                Latin alphabet  ↞ vvei 
                 vwɭɭ7EXc                                    uppercase Latin letters  ↞ vwlac 
                 vwɭɭ7EXs                                    lowercase Latin letters  ↞ vwlas 
                 vwɭr                Cyrillic alphabet  ↞ vves 
                 w7w           sacred words; speech  ↞ v 
                 x95  [vv]           in language
                 xɭm           myths; legends; stories  [mythology]  ↞ vtb 
                 xm@vai                          intonation  ↞ vhap 
                 y65  [vv]           expressed in language
                 y6533  [vv]                     translated from original language
                 y95  [vv]           among speakers of language
                 yst           techniques; applied sciences  ↞ yss v 
                 ystm                management; organizational sciences  ↞ u v 

specificity 
current: 99 

   
   

 

Move to another main class:
      a  b  c  d  e  f  g  h  i  j  k  l  m  n  o  p  q  r  s  t  u  v  w  x  y

or


or insert a term  and do a new


Facets key
0  as for perspective +
1  at time            +
2  in place           +
3  by agent           +
4  opposed to         +
5  undergoing change  +
6  having property    +
7  with part          +
8  in quantity        +
9  of quality         +

 


ILC developing version. Expanded class v / — ISKO Italia <http://www.iskoi.org/ilc/no.php?no=v> : 2006.03.06 - 2021.12.09 -